How an 1870s marine expedition changed oceanography

When was the first voyage of the Challenger? No, not the Space Shuttle — the original Challenger, a sea ship that sailed in 1872. The HMS Challenger traversed the world’s oceans for four years, drove some of its sailors completely insane, caused about a quarter of the crew to jump ship, and forever changed the face of ocean science.

Is there a way to scroll past the nature channels without seeing one that describes the richness of the ocean and the life that teems in its depth? In the early 1800s, the ocean was something to fish in and to get across. What happened below 1500 feet was of no concern to anyone, although scientists calculated that the pressure, the temperature, and the lack of sunlight meant that no life existed below. The bottom of the ocean was presumed to be as lifeless as the surface of the moon, though it was far less known. In 1872, the HMS Challenger was sent out to circumnavigate the globe, with a crew of around 240 sailors and scientists. When it got back in 1876, it had 144 people aboard, losing people to madness, death, sickness, and sheer desperation to escape the voyage. It also held a wealth of information that launched a new era of exploration, and a new field of science.

The HMS Challenger sounds like a dream assignment to anyone who has ever imagined exploring new territory or making a contribution to science. It was set to go around to the globe, via some of the most beautiful islands in the world, taking reading and collecting life from regions never studied. Then reality set in. The routine of the Challenger was this: the ship would sail to a certain part of the ocean, send down lines to a certain depth, take temperature and pressure readings, send nets or dredgers down, and haul up whatever life they could find. It would do this at several points nearby, should it find anything interesting. Then it would move on and do the same the next day. And the next. For the scientists it was a thrilling, if stressful, time. For the crew it was excruciating. The manual labor was repetitive and backbreaking. To maintain accuracy of readings, the work also had to be extremely precise.



Stopped raining here finally. About an hour ago. Right now is the lull before more good stuff comes our way and by good stuff I mean they say that we are getting snow later this evening. Up to 3.5 inches predicted by local source, but weather service says max of 2 inches. Will see in the morning. In any event, since the high tomorrow is to be in the mid 30′s, thinking a lot of that snow will melt off.

Looked for an app for the kindle fire that people can download and then text each other. Either kindle fire to kindle fire, or kindle fire to phone, computer or other tablet. Could not find any. But I will persevere! If anyone knows of such an app, please do let me know.


Just have to show you this. Just how damn stupid the head of the democrat party really is. She is blaming republicans when Obama and his regime will not let drilling happen! Just unfreaking real how these idiots exist in a sane society.

(The Hill) — Democratic National Committee Chairwoman Debbie Wasserman Schultz said Thursday that GOP White House hopefuls will do nothing to help consumers at the gasoline pump.

The Florida congresswoman’s comments come hours before President Obama is slated to give an energy speech in Miami aimed partly at rebutting GOP political attacks over rising gas prices. She said the GOP plans would keep the United States dependent on foreign oil.

“The Republican field, like Mitt Romney, thinks that we just need to remain tethered and dependent on foreign oil because all they would do is more and more drilling, which is a very shortsighted approach and it would do nothing to prevent people who are struggling to put $80 into their gas tanks to be able to make sure that that’s more affordable,” Wasserman Schultz said on MSNBC.

“And that is another example of how they are economically out of touch,” she said.

Wasserman Schultz, on MSNBC Thursday, defended Obama’s energy policy.

“President Obama has employed an all-of-the-above strategy. We have more domestic energy production in the United States today than we have ever had. We have investments in alternative energy, we are making sure that when it comes to solar and wind and other kinds of renewable fuels that Barack Obama is talking about, making sure we make those kinds of investments,” she said.

(to these democrat idiots, drilling for oil in the USA is akin to importing oil?)

Speaking of which, this is what the republicans want to lower!

According to, motorists are shelling out $5.89 for a gallon of regular gas at a Shell station in Lake Buena Vista, topping out at $5.99 a gallon for premium. It doesn’t get better at a Suncoast Energy station in Orlando, where drivers are paying $5.79 for a gallon of regular.

“Prices over in the Disney World area are much higher than any other place in Florida,” Jessica Brady, AAA spokeswoman, told CBS Tampa, adding that people regularly complain about gas prices in that area.

The Sunshine State is opening up its wallet, paying an average of $3.67 a gallon of unleaded gas, 12 cents more than the national average. And it’s only expected to go up.

“It doesn’t look like we will have relief at the pump anytime soon,” Brady told CBS Tampa. “I do think we will see prices surpass $4 a gallon. I think we will see that closer to spring time.”


Gutfeld: Obama’s weird racial double standard

Obama HHS Paves The Way To Taxpayer Funding of Abortions We need this shithead out of office, all officials of HHS booted out!


What do electric cars and bricks have in common?

Left Coast Rebel

Bricks maneuver better without a battery!

In driving, there’s a maxim about driving at night: You should never overdrive your headlights. That means you shouldn’t drive faster than you can see to stop. The supposedly well intentioned advocates of electric car technology are overdriving their headlights.

Tesla Motors’ lineup of all-electric vehicles — its existing Roadster, almost certainly its impending Model S, and possibly its future Model X — apparently suffer from a severe limitation that can largely destroy the value of the vehicle. If the battery is ever totally discharged, the owner is left with what Tesla describes as a “brick”: a completely immobile vehicle that cannot be started or even pushed down the street. The only known remedy is for the owner to pay Tesla approximately $40,000 to replace the entire battery. Unlike practically every other modern car problem, neither Tesla’s warranty nor typical car insurance policies provide any protection from this major financial loss.

Read More Here


This is neat! If you miss and fall, it is into the pool.


Belly dancer Helena Vlahos has a unique talent for turning coins over with her abdominal muscles. And dollar bills, too! Kind of makes you want to start doing your crunches, doesn’t it? Well, no, me neither.


5 Famous Space Missions That Almost Ended In Disaster.

Nuke It From Orbit: NUKEMAP lets you nuke anybody you want.

Man who attacked wife on Facebook ordered by judge to apologize on Facebook.


A new trend aimed at helping locally owned mom-and-pop businesses is reportedly gaining traction across the country. Unlike their flashier counterpart, however, “Cash Mobs” don’t involve a song and dance routine — just a bunch of people eager to invest in their community.

The blogger who started it all, Buffalo-based engineer Chris Smith, explains that cash mobs are “sort of a reverse Groupon” in that people support local retailers, but instead of getting a discount, they pay full price.

Smith says he hopes cash mobs lead to a “longer-term relationship with customers” who gain new-found respect for locally owned stores.

So far cash mobs have been organized in 32 states. There have also been international efforts in Canada and the UK.

A website called Cash Mobs aims to help people organize local events. They’ve even set March 24th as National Cash Mob day.

“It’s not just about the money that comes in that day, it’s about a real small business that doesn’t have a lot of money and a marketing budget,” says Smith. “They get a little earned media coverage they wouldn’t normally get that allows them to establish themselves a little bit more.”


News from the industry vine this morning is that J.K. Rowling has officially signed a book deal with Little, Brown, and will soon be releasing her highly anticipated Harry Potter follow up.

No word yet on title, plot, or publication date, but word is that the book’s target audience will be adults.

“Although I’ve enjoyed writing it every bit as much, my next book will be very different to the Harry Potter series,” said the author in a press release.

The freedom to explore new territory is a gift that Harry’s success has brought me, and with that new territory it seemed a logical progression to have a new publisher. I am delighted to have a second publishing home in Little, Brown, and a publishing team that will be a great partner in this new phase of my writing life.


This is a follow up video to my airsoft minigun project that was posted in 2011. This version of a cloud BBMG is less expensive and much easier to build. This model is also well suited for a backpack mounted air chamber to make it into a flamethrower design. I plan on showing that particular modification in an upcoming video. The total cost of this build is about $15.

Soda Bottle
5/16″ x 8″ Automotive Brake Line
1/4″ Quick Release Air Compressor Fitting
Air Compressor Blow Gun

Drill & Drill Bits
Hot Glue Gun
Air Compressor


Now we have a freaking ass islamic judge? In AMERICA? Using sharia law? WTF? Why is this asshole still a judge?

PENNSYLVANIA: Muslim judge rules by Sharia to exonerate a Muslim who assaulted a man wearing a Zombie Muhammad costume

The defendant is an immigrant and claims he did not know his actions were illegal, or that it was legal in this country to represent Muhammad in any form. The case went to trial. The Judge, Mark Martin, who is also a Muslim, not only ruled in favor of the defendant, but called the plaintiff a name and told him that if he were in a Muslim country, he’d be put to death.

(And liberals can’t understand why we are fighting to keep sharia law out of American courts? Apparently it’s already here in Pennsylvania and many states)


(goes back to what I always say, we have to take back our country and remove all islamics and liberals from our country. by force if needed)


The great Inca Empire was at its peak in the period between the years 1200 and 1535. They built a developed system of canals for the irrigation of their crops and a stone town on the top of a steep mountain – Machu Picchu. It is interesting that the Incas built all that and did not even know what the wheel is! Despite the great achievements, they didn’t manage to withhold the attack by the Spanish conquistadors who had much more advanced weapons.



The Spectacular Rise and Fall of U.S. Whaling: An Innovation Story

An extinct business offers surprisingly current lessons about the triumph of technology, the future of work, and the inevitable decline of industries that might not be worth saving

“Some years ago — never mind how long precisely — having little or no money in my purse, and nothing particular to interest me on shore, I thought I would sail about a little and see the watery part of the world.” — Moby Dick

One hundred and fifty years ago, around the time Herman Melville was completing Moby Dick, whaling was a booming worldwide business and the United States was the global behemoth. In 1846, we owned 640 whaling ships, more than the rest of the world put together and tripled. At its height, the whaling industry contributed $10 million (in 1880 dollars) to GDP, enough to make it the fifth largest sector of the economy. Whales contributed oil for illuminants, ambergris for perfumes, and baleen, a bonelike substance extracted from the jaw, for umbrellas.

Fifty years later, the industry was dead. Our active whaling fleet had fallen by 90 percent. The industry’s real output had declined to 1816 levels, completing a century’s symmetry of triumph and decline. What happened? And why does what happened still matter?

Read MORE.


Victorian Morphine Set. Ah, the good old days of self medication and no worry about cops and prison!