September 8, 1966
Gene Roddenberry‘s space western Star Trek debuts on NBC, with the episode The Man Trap. The episode featured the creature that became known as the Salt Monster.
The original Star Trek pilot, The Cage, was deemed too cerebral and a new pilot was ordered. Footage from The Cage was edited into the two-part The Menagerie, which was aired later in the season. Unfortunately, the unused footage was lost, except for a black and white 16mm version. In 1987, the missing footage was found and the original pilot The Cage was restored and aired for the first time in 1988, almost 20 years after the series ended.
September 8, 1960
Official release of Alfred Hitchcock‘s classic thriller Psycho.
This was Hitchcock’s most financially successful film, produced on a budget of about $800,000, it made over $32 million on its initial release. Paramount was reluctant to do the film, so Hitchcock financed it himself for 60% ownership of the film. To save money, Hitchcock filmed it in black and white and in a television studio. Chocolate syrup was used for the blood swirling down the drain in the famous shower scene.
Psycho is based on Robert Bloch’s novel of the same name, which was loosely based on murderer and grave robber Ed Gein. Anthony Perkins‘ character Norman Bates and Ed Gein each had deceased, domineering mothers, had sealed off a room in their home as a shrine to their mother, and dressed in women’s clothes.
Janet Leigh‘s character Marion Crane flushing her note down the toilet is the first time a toilet is shown flushing in U.S. cinema.
Pledge of Allegiance First Published
September 8, 1892
The Pledge of Allegiance is first published, in The Youth’s Companion. Francis Bellamy wrote the original 1892 version: “I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.” Changes were made to it over the years, including adding the words “Under God” in 1954. Bellamy, a devout Christian who believed in the absolute separation of church and state, did not include the phrase “under God” in his original pledge.
Bellamy also described what became known as the Bellamy Salute as the proper way to salute the flag while reciting the pledge. Due to its resemblance to the Nazi salute, this was replaced with the hand-over-heart salute in 1942.
Hanged for Sex with a Turkey
September 8, 1642
Pilgrim teenager Thomas Graunger is hanged after confessing to buggery with a mare, a cow, two goats, various sheep, two calves, and a turkey. In the Plymouth Colony, bestiality was a crime punishable according to the Bible’s Leviticus 20:15 (“And if a man shall lie with a beast, he shall surely be put to death: and ye shall slay the beast”). Graunger was forced to watch while the animals involved were slaughtered and their bodies destroyed because they were considered unclean. Graunger was then hanged.
This was the Plymouth Colony’s first recorded act of bestiality.
All the above from HERE
“The only maxim of a free government ought to be to trust no man living with power to endanger the public liberty.”
– John Adams, (1772).
Hananiah Harari (American, 1912-2000), Nude Descending a Stairs. Oil on canvas, 74 x 38 in.