Los Angeles Smog and more history today

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White House Will be Adorned by a Moron

July 26, 1920

H.L. Mencken‘s famous prediction appears in The Baltimore Evening Sun newspaper.
“But when a candidate for public office faces the voters he does not face men of sense; he faces a mob of men whose chief distinguishing mark is the fact that they are quite incapable of weighing ideas, or even of comprehending any save the most elemental — men whose whole thinking is done in terms of emotion, and whose dominant emotion is dread of what they cannot understand. So confronted, the candidate must either bark with the pack or count himself lost. …All the odds are on the man who is, intrinsically, the most devious and mediocre — the man who can most adeptly disperse the notion that his mind is a virtual vacuum.
The Presidency tends, year by year, to go to such men. As democracy is perfected, the office represents, more and more closely, the inner soul of the people. We move toward a lofty ideal. On some great and glorious day the plain folks of the land will reach their heart’s desire at last, and the White House will be adorned by a downright moron.”

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We Are Not the Enemy – National Security Act of 1947

July 26, 1947

The National Security Act of 1947 is signed into law by U.S. President Harry S. Truman. It created the “National Military Establishment” (NME). The name was later changed to Department of Defense since NME’s pronunciation sounded too much like “Enemy.” The act also created the CIA and formed the Air Force as its own military branch.

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Federal Bureau of Investigation

July 26, 1908

The Bureau of Investigation (BOI) is formed. It changed its name to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in 1935. Its first official task was surveying houses of prostitution in preparation for the upcoming “White Slave Traffic Act.” or Mann Act of 1910.

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ederal Bureau of Investigation

July 26, 1908

The Bureau of Investigation (BOI) is formed. It changed its name to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in 1935. Its first official task was surveying houses of prostitution in preparation for the upcoming “White Slave Traffic Act.” or Mann Act of 1910.

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Real-Life Texas Chainsaw Massacre

Ed Gein

Died July 26, 1984 b. 1906

American murderer. The character Leatherface in the 1974 film The Texas Chainsaw Massacre was based partly on his crimes. He confessed to killing two women and robbing graves from which he made trophies and keepsakes from the body parts.
The movie Psycho was based on Robert Bloch’s novel of the same name, which was loosely based on Ed Gein. Norman Bates and Ed Gein each had deceased, domineering mothers, had sealed off a room in their home as a shrine to her, and dressed in women’s clothes.
Other famous movie killers were also loosely based on his crimes, such as Buffalo Bill from The Silence of the Lambs.

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Sam Houston

Died July 26, 1863 b. 1793

American soldier, politician. Governor of Tennessee (1827-29) and first president of the Republic of Texas (1836-38, also reelected as its 3rd president 1841-44), governor of Texas (1859-61). He was the only American elected governor of two different U.S. states.
His defeat of Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto paved the way for Texas’ independence. The city of Houston, Texas is name in his honor.

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Sinking of the Andrea Doria

July 26, 1956

The Italian liner Andrea Doria sinks after colliding with the Swedish liner Stockholm the night before. 46 of the more than 1,700 people aboard were killed. Five members of the Stockholm crew were killed. When the two ships realized they were on a collision course, the Andre Doria steered to left while the Stockholm steered to the right, thus keeping them on a collision course.
After the collision, the Andrea Doria began listing due to taking on water on the side of the impact (starboard) and due to empty fuel tanks on the opposite side (port). Safety procedures called for filling empty fuel tanks with seawater after their fuel was used up to prevent such an occurrence. This safety precaution had not been done during the ship’s voyage in order to reduce the cost of refueling. The listing prevented the port side lifeboats from being launched and prevented people from entering the starboard side lifeboats before lowering them to the water, making their usage more dangerous. Two people died as a result of falling into the lifeboats. Other ships came to the rescue and provided lifeboats to evacuate the ship. All of the survivors were evacuated before the ship sank. Otherwise, the death toll would have been significantly higher.
It was Italy’s largest, fastest, and supposedly safest ship at the time. One of its lifeboats was found on a New York beach in 1981.

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Los Angeles Smog

July 26, 1943

The first case of “eye-irritating” smog in Los Angeles is reported. Visibility was reduced to less than three blocks. It came on so sudden and severe that many Los Angeles residents believed the Japanese were attacking them with chemical warfare.
It took until the early 1950s to determine that automobiles were part of the smog problem. Arie Haagen-Smit, a chemist at the California Institute of Technology, determined that ozone was the primary source of the haze. Ozone is created when partially unburned exhaust from automobiles and the hydrocarbons from oil refineries are hit by sunlight. Haagen-Smit demonstrated that the ozone was the cause of the bleach smell and the source of the eye irritation and respiratory problems.

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All the above from This Day Fun Trivia and History