“We have forced every sea and land to be the highway of our daring, and everywhere, whether for evil or for good, have left imperishable monuments behind us.”
— Thucydides, History of the Pelopenesian War, 2:41
“Watching the unfolding political debate, it occurs to me that liberals feel the same way about truth that Dracula feels about sunlight.”
by Paul Kirchner
Today in 1498 – Cesare Borgia, son of Pope Alexander VI, becomes the first person in history to resign the cardinalate; later that same day, King Louis XII of France names him Duke of Valentinois. Yes, back the popes had lots of kids and European politics made Game of Thrones look like a Sunday School picnic.
1862 – American Indian Wars: The Dakota War of 1862 begins in Minnesota as Lakota warriors attack white settlements along the Minnesota River. 500-800 white settlers are killed by Lakota raiders. You usually don’t picture Minnesota as part of the Indian wars, but it was.