Today on April 18, 1942: Doolittle Raid on Japan. In one of the most innovative and audacious raids of the war, sixteen B-25B medium bombers under the command of Lt. Colonel Doolittle launched from the carrier Hornet to strike the Japanese Home Islands. Although the task force was detected early and launched the bombers 200 miles further out than planned, all sixteen managed to make the Asian mainland after bombing their targets. Of the eighty crew, three were killed during the crash-landing of their aircraft, while four more eventually died in captivity. Fifteen of the Mitchell bombers were destroyed, with the final one being interned by the Soviet Union in Vladivostok. The raid did almost no material damage, but was nonetheless a huge morale boost for the American public.
“The aim of totalitarian education has never been to instill convictions but to destroy the capacity to form any.”
— Hannah Arendt