This day in history

First Flight of a Zeppelin……

July 2, 1900……

Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin flies his first airship, the LZ-1. The airship remained in the air for 20 minutes, but was damaged on landing. After repairs two further flights were made in October. His Zeppelins were used by Germany during World War I as bombers and scout ships. The success of his airships launched the air transport business.

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President Garfield Assassination

July 2, 1881

U.S. President James A. Garfield is shot and mortally wounded by Charles J. Guiteau at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station in Washington, D.C. Guiteau believed he deserved an appointed position due to his support of Garfield’s presidential campaign. When that didn’t happen, he decided to kill the President. Garfield died in September after extensive medical treatment. Guiteau was apprehended at the shooting and was tried and hanged for his crime.

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Back in the day when justice was actually delivered on time without years of appeals.

First Woman Executed in the U.S. by American Courts

July 2, 1778

Bathsheba Spooner is hanged. She conspired with her boyfriend and two others to kill her husband. They killed him and put the body in the Spooner’s well. She tried to get her execution delayed because she was pregnant with her boyfriend’s child. Her request was denied. An autopsy showed that she was pregnant with five-month-old male fetus at the time of execution. This was the first capital case of the newly-formed United States.

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Declaration of Independence

July 2, 1776

The Continental Congress votes to adopt a resolution of independence. The vote was unanimous except for New York which abstained. New York would vote to accept the resolution on July 9th. Thomas Jefferson was selected to compose the original draft which was to be edited by Congress. It was adopted by Congress on July 4th.

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Walmart

July 2, 1962

The future retail giant Walmart opens its first store in Rogers, Arkansas. The business was started by Sam Walton, who had previous success with his Bentonville, Arkansas 5&10 store.

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World War I – U.S. and Germany Officially End State of War

July 2, 1921

U.S. President Warren G. Harding signs the Knox-Porter Resolution terminating the state of war with Germany. Although the U.S. was among the signatories of the Treaty of Versailles ending the war with Germany, the U.S. Senate refused to consent to ratification of the treaty, due in large measure to its objections to U.S. participation in the League of Nations, necessitating the need for a separate treaty.

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Invented the Mouse

Douglas Engelbart

Died July 2, 2013 b. 1925

American computer scientist. Inventor of the computer mouse (1967).

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